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Nutrient patterns and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21966937     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although Iran is a high-risk country for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the contribution of overall nutrient intakes to this high incidence rate is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to examine the association between nutrient patterns and risk of ESCC in Iran. Forty-seven patients with ESCC and 96 frequency-matched hospital controls underwent private interviews, and dietary habits were collected using a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis was conducted and two major nutrient patterns were retained; factor 1 (high in pantothenic acid, vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B(6) , magnesium, folate, thiamin, copper, carbohydrate, vitamin K, niacin, α-tocopherol, zinc, total fiber, fluoride, and polyunsaturated fatty acids) and factor 2 (high in saturated fatty acid, biotin, selenium, monounsaturated fatty acids, riboflavin, sodium, fat, cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus, protein, iron, vitamin E, manganese, vitamin D, and vitamin B(12) ). Factor 2 was inversely associated with ESCC (OR = 0.06, 95% CI: 0.01-0.28; P = 0.008), whereas no significant association was found for factor 1 (OR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.11-1.82). The results of the present study suggested a possible role for a nutrient pattern similar to factor 2 in reducing the risk of ESCC.
Authors:
B Hajizadeh; M Jessri; M Akhoondan; S M Moasheri; B Rashidkhani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-2050     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809160     Medline TA:  Dis Esophagus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.
Affiliation:
Department of Radiation Oncology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Kurdistan, Iran Human Nutrition Division, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences and Alberta Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Community Nutrition Department, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Food and Drug Administration, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
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