Document Detail

Nutrient intake from multivitamin/mineral supplements is similar among users from five ethnic groups: the Multiethnic Cohort Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18313435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A multivitamin/mineral supplement is the most widely used type of dietary supplement among American adults. Therefore, accurate assessment of intake from this supplement is crucial when studying diet and chronic diseases. From 1999 to 2001, the Multiethnic Cohort Study collected detailed information on multivitamin/mineral use among five ethnic groups: African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites. Daily nutrient intakes from multivitamin/minerals were calculated using the nutrient composition specified on the product label. For reported supplements with insufficient detail to match to a specific product, default nutrient profiles were assigned. Multivitamin/mineral use was reported by 50% of the participants (38% for Native Hawaiians to 57% for whites). Default profiles were assigned for 38% of users. The median daily nutrient intakes from multivitamin/minerals among users (n=75,865) were well above the Recommended Daily Allowance or Adequate Intake for vitamins A, B-6, B-12, and E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, folate, and zinc. Although nutrient intakes from multivitamin/minerals varied widely among individuals, there was no substantial difference in the median intake across ethnic groups. To accurately estimate nutrient intakes from multivitamin/minerals, detailed information on the product consumed should be collected. When detailed information is not available, the same default nutrient profiles can be used when estimating intakes for these five ethnic groups.
Song-Yi Park; Suzanne P Murphy; Carrie L Martin; Laurence N Kolonel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-03     Completed Date:  2008-04-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  529-33     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cancer Epidemiology Program, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, 1236 Lauhala St, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Asian Americans
Cohort Studies
Dietary Supplements / statistics & numerical data,  utilization*
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Hawaii / ethnology
Hispanic Americans
Japan / ethnology
Middle Aged
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Requirements
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

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