Document Detail

Nutrient intake and food use of Finnish conscripts in garrison, on leave, and in encampment conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19685837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: 80% of Finnish men fill their civic duty and complete military service. Conscripts' dietary habits have been studied limitedly. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine conscripts' nutrient intake and food use in garrison, on leave, and in encampment conditions. METHODS: This study examined volunteer conscripts in: (1) garrison and leave conditions (n=47) and (2) encampment conditions (n=31). Data were collected using food diaries. RESULTS: The proportion of energy derived from fat was 32.9% at garrison and 36.5% at encampment and on leave. Saturated fat constituted 12.5 energy % at garrison, 15.0 energy % at encampment, and 15.3 energy % on leave. Sucrose intake was high at encampment (17.7 energy %) and on leave (13.0 energy %). Salt, vitamin, and mineral intakes exceeded national recommendations in all conditions. Fiber intakes did not reach recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: At garrison and encampment, nutrient intakes reached recommendations. In free time, conscripts favored energy-rich nutrient-poor foods, which warrants intervening and dietary education.
Clarissa M L Bingham; Marja-leena Ovaskainen; Heli Tapanainen; Marjaana Lahti-Koski; Timo Sahi; Merja Paturi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  174     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  678-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland.
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