Document Detail

Nutrient inadequacy in obese and non-obese youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16332298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: In this study, the Dietary Reference Intake standards were used to evaluate the prevalence of inadequate intakes of micronutrients in obese and non-obese youth. METHODS: Dietary intake was analyzed with a dietary history taken by a registered dietitian. The obese group (n=156) had a body mass index (BMI) above the 95th percentile for age and sex. The non-obese group (n=90) was between the tenth and 85th BMI percentiles. RESULTS: In the obese subjects, the prevalence of inadequate intakes was 81% for vitamin E and 27% for magnesium; the proportions with intakes below the Adequate Intakes (AIs) for calcium and vitamin D were 55% and 46%, respectively. The obese children consumed 124% of estimated need for energy, 32% of which came from fat. The non-obese had a similar prevalence of inadequate intakes (vitamin E, 93%; magnesium, 29%; calcium, 51%; vitamin D, 44%). They consumed 107% of estimated need for energy, and 31% of energy came from fat. For both groups, all other nutrient intakes were adequate. CONCLUSIONS: Even though children may consume an excess of energy, they may not be meeting all of their micronutrient needs.
Linda Gillis; Aubrey Gillis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue canadienne de la pratique et de la recherche en di?t?tique : une publication des Di?t?tistes du Canada     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1486-3847     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-07     Completed Date:  2006-01-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9811151     Medline TA:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Children's Exercise & Nutrition Centre, Hamilton Health Sciences, ON.
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MeSH Terms
Avitaminosis / epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Child Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology*
Child, Preschool
Energy Intake*
Food Habits
Micronutrients / administration & dosage*,  deficiency*
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Obesity / complications*,  epidemiology
Ontario / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Vitamins / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Micronutrients; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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