Document Detail


Nutrient excretion, phosphorus characterization, and phosphorus solubility in excreta from broiler chicks fed diets containing graded levels of wheat distillers grains with solubles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19038806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increased interest in ethanol production in North America has led to increased production of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), the majority of which are fed to livestock. To determine the impact of including wheat DDGS in broiler diets on nutrient excretion and P characterization and solubility, 125 one-day-old male broiler chicks were fed wheat- and soybean meal-based diets containing 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% wheat DDGS. There were 5 replicate pens per treatment, with 5 birds per pen arranged in a randomized block design. Apparent retention of both N and P were determined by using the indicator method. Nutrients excreted per kilogram of DM intake were also calculated. Characterization of excreta P was determined by (31)P-solution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and water-soluble P (WSP) was determined by extraction of excreta with deionized water. The apparent retention of both N (P < 0.001) and P (P < 0.008) decreased linearly with increasing inclusion rates of DDGS from 0 to 20%. The nutrient output per kilogram of DM intake increased linearly with increased DDGS inclusion rate for N (P < 0.04), P (P < 0.0001), and WSP (P < 0.0003). As the inclusion rate of DDGS increased, the P concentration in excreta increased (P < 0.008), whereas excreta phytate P concentrations decreased (P < 0.01), which led to an increase in WSP and the fraction of total P that was soluble. Because the inclusion of DDGS in poultry diets increased N and P output, as well as the solubility of P excreted, care should be taken when including high levels of DDGS in poultry diets, because increases in N and P excretion are a concern from an environmental standpoint.
Authors:
A B Leytem; P Kwanyuen; P Thacker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-28     Completed Date:  2009-02-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2505-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Laboratory, 3793 N. 3600 E., Kimberly, ID 83341-5076, USA. April.Leytem@ars.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Chickens / physiology*
Diet / veterinary*
Feces / chemistry
Phosphorus / chemistry,  metabolism*
Phytic Acid / chemistry
Triticum*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7723-14-0/Phosphorus; 83-86-3/Phytic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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