Document Detail

Nutrient contribution of infant cereals used as fluid thickening agents in diets fed to the elderly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10812380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a nutrient-fortified fluid-thickening agent (Pablum, H. J. Heinz Co of Canada, North York, Ontario, Canada) replaces nutrients lost to food displacement associated with its use. DESIGN: Seven-day, investigator-weighted, food intake records were evaluated to determine the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy. Nutrient intakes, including and excluding those associated with Pablum, were assessed to determine the ability of Pablum to protect from nutrient inadequacy. SUBJECTS/SETTING SUBJECTS: (19 women and 2 men aged 69 to 109 years) were residents of a home for the aged or a chronic-care hospital who required pureed food and thickened fluids. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Probability analysis was used to estimate the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy for micronutrients and protein. RESULTS: Approximately 15% of consumed energy (mean +/- standard deviation: 1.534 +/- 310 kcal/day; 1.38 +/- 0.37 and 1.46 +/- 0.26 multiplied by basal metabolic rate for men and women) came from the thickener. If a nonfortified thickener was used, risk of inadequacy (percentage of sample) would be apparent for protein (16%), calcium (95%), thiamin (57%), riboflavin (28%), niacin (55%), and folate (47% for women and 97% for men); no risk was estimated for iron and vitamins A and C. The nutrients contained in Pablum reduced or eliminated the risk of inadequacy for some nutrients, including protein (8%), calcium (9%), thiamin (0%), riboflavin (0%), and niacin (0%). In contrast, inadequate consumption of water and folate occurred even when the contribution of Pablum was considered. APPLICATIONS: The use of a nutrient-fortified thickening agent has merit; however, the current formulation of Pablum does not allow for complete protection against nutrient inadequacy.
K E Philip; C E Greenwood
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2000 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-19     Completed Date:  2000-05-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  549-54     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, North York, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Energy Intake
Infant Food*
Nutrition Policy
Nutritive Value

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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