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Nurses' knowledge and attitudes about pain in hospitalized patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23392065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: : The purpose of the study was to measure knowledge and attitudes of nursing about pain management in patients before education, immediately after, and 6 months later. The end-point measure was Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems quarterly scores and percentile rank.
DESIGN: : This longitudinal, quasi-experimental, quantitative study used survey method with pretest and posttest scores to measure immediate learning and 6 months later to measure sustained changes in knowledge and attitudes for nurses in this facility.
SETTING: : The setting was a 360-bed acute care community hospital in the midsouth.
SAMPLE: : The sample consisted of approximately 206 bedside nurses who worked in an acute care facility and 164 final posttest participants.
METHODS: : The survey was used in a group setting immediately prior to a didactic learning experience. Immediately after the session, a posttest survey was administered. The 6-month follow-up occurred via an online module developed by the principal investigator. A repeated-measures analysis of variance, a pairwise comparison with a paired t test, and a Bonferroni correction were performed to determine if sustained knowledge and attitudes have changed.
FINDINGS: : Posttest scores were significantly higher than pretest scores on the Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain immediately after a didactic education session and 6 months later (P < .017).
CONCLUSIONS: : Six months later, scores remained higher than pretest or immediate posttest scores.
IMPLICATIONS: : Nurses with a stronger knowledge base may lead to better pain management, improved outcomes, and higher patient satisfaction scores.
Authors:
Anna Jarrett; Terri Church; Kim Fancher-Gonzalez; Jamie Shackelford; Annelle Lofton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nurse specialist CNS     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1538-9782     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nurse Spec     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709115     Medline TA:  Clin Nurse Spec     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-7     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Jarrett), Eleanor Mann School of Nursing, and Graduate Nursing Student (Ms Lofton), ACNS Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; Technician in the Intensive Care Unit (Ms Shackelford), Clinical Informaticist (Ms Church), and Clinical Nurse Specialist (Ms Fancher-Gonzalez), Washington Regional Medical Center, Fayetteville, Arkansas.
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