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Nucleosome surface containing nucleosomal DNA entry/exit site regulates H3-K36me3 via association with RNA polymerase II and Set2.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22212475     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A nucleosome is composed of intrinsically disordered histone tails and a structured nucleosome core surrounded by DNA. A variety of modifiable residues on the intrinsically disordered histone tails have been identified in the last decade. Mapping of the functional residues on the structured nucleosome core surface was recently initiated by global analysis of a comprehensive histone point mutant library (histone-GLibrary). It stands to reason that a functional relationship exists between modifiable residues on the intrinsically disordered histone tails and functional residues on the structured nucleosome core; however, this matter has been poorly explored. During transcription elongation, trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 36 (H3-K36me3) is mediated by histone methyltransferase Set2, which binds to RNA polymerase II. Here, we used a histone-GLibrary that encompasses the nucleosomal DNA entry/exit site to show that six residues (H2A-G107, H2A-I112, H2A-L117, H3-T45, H3-R49 and H3-R52) form a surface on the structured nucleosome core and regulate H3-K36me3. Trimethylation at H3-K4 introduced by histone methyltransferase Set1 was not affected by the mutation of any of the six residues. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis showed that most of these residues are critical for the chromatin association of RNA polymerase II and Set2, suggesting that these components regulate H3-K36me3 through functional interactions with the structured nucleosome core surface.
Hirohito Endo; Yu Nakabayashi; Satoshi Kawashima; Takemi Enomoto; Masayuki Seki; Masami Horikoshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1365-2443     ISO Abbreviation:  Genes Cells     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607379     Medline TA:  Genes Cells     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2011 by the Molecular Biology Society of Japan/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Molecular Cell Biology Laboratory, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan Laboratory of Developmental Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.
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