Document Detail

Nuclear magnetic resonance measurement of intracellular sodium in the perfused normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rat heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8060576     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We have used 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to examine the relationship between intracellular sodium and cardiac muscle alterations in genetic hypertension. In the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) compared with the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) (aged 15 to 19 weeks), mean systolic blood pressures (measured using the tail-cuff method) were significantly (P < .05) different (WKY: 118 +/- 8 mm Hg, n = 5; SHR: 185 +/- 9 mm Hg, n = 5). Heart weights were also increased significantly (P < .05) in SHR (grams dry heart to kilograms body weight ratio was 0.73 +/- 0.04, n = 5, for SHR and 0.55 +/- 0.02, n = 5, for WKY). Intracellular sodium levels, measured using shift-reagent-aided and triple quantum filtered (TQF) nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, were significantly increased (P < .05) in the isolated Langendorff perfused hypertensive rat hearts (17.3 +/- 3.6 mmol/L, n = 5) compared with normotensive rat hearts (8.4 +/- 2.3 mmol/L, n = 5). These data demonstrate increased sodium in cardiac muscle in essential hypertension. We also investigated the effect of pacing on cardiac TQF 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance and found an increase in TQF Na+ content in both WKY and SHR hearts on stepped up pacing. These results support the existence of sodium pump lag in the rat heart perfused at physiologic Ca2+ concentration and suggest that the hypertensive rat heart has adapted to compensate for increased basal intracellular Na+ and maintain a normal response to increased heart rate. Our data appear to suggest an ionic contribution to the cardiac hypertrophy of genetic hypertension in the rat.
L A Jelicks; R K Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0895-7061     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-21     Completed Date:  1994-09-21     Revised Date:  2009-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Hypertension / metabolism*
Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
Myocardium / metabolism*
Ouabain / pharmacology*
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Reference Values
Sodium / metabolism*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
630-60-4/Ouabain; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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