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Nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabonomic study of early time point laminitis in an oligofructose-overload model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21496096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Reasons for performing study: NMR-metabonomics is an unbiased evaluation method, which allows to comprehensively study changes of the equine metabolic profile in early time point laminitis. This might give insight into the early stages of disease development. Objectives: To detect hitherto unknown changes in blood metabolites during the development of oligofructose-induced laminitis by comparing pre- and post induction blood samples. Methods: Prior to laminitis induction blood was sampled to establish control values. Post oligofructose administration (POA) blood was collected every 3 h for 24 h. One-dimensional (1) H-NMR spectra of the blood plasma were statistically analysed. Results: NMR resonances of >20 metabolites were identified using this technique. Already known changes (e.g. lactate concentrations) were confirmed using this method. Interestingly, oligofructose, a carbohydrate usually considered indigestible in the small intestine, or derivatives of oligofructose, was detected in plasma. Horses also showed increased phosphatidylcholine and/or low density lipoprotein levels POA, indicating a change in blood lipid composition. An increase in phosphatidylcholine is consistent with the breakdown of the mucosal layer of the large intestine and increased permeability of the gut. Conclusion: Due to the nontargeted approach of metabonomics, new unexpected changes can be identified, in this case the hitherto unknown oligofructose uptake through the mucosal wall and the phospholipid changes. Potential relevance: Metabolic changes in disease can be observed using NMR metabonomics. Oligofructose is used in feedstuffs and transport mechanisms through the mucosa should be studied. Phospholipids could point to a compromise of the intestinal wall during laminitis development.
M D Keller; C C Pollitt; U C Marx
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0425-1644     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173320     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 EVJ Ltd.
The University of Queensland, Australian Equine Laminitis Research Unit, School of Veterinary Science Centre for Advanced Imaging Institute for Molecular Bioscience, SRC for Functional and Applied Genomics.
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