Document Detail


Nuclear fallout, low birthweight, and immune deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8034395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An investigation of the mortality rates of young adults born in the postwar period of large-scale atmospheric nuclear testing (1945-1965) in the United States and other western industrial nations reveals an increasingly anomalous rise in mortality from its previous secular decline. Beginning in the late 1970s and particularly since 1983, the deterioration in the health of the 25-44 age group is related to in utero exposure to fission products in the milk and diet, associated with an unprecedented rise in underweight births and neonatal mortality known to be accompanied by loss of immune resistance. The 1945-1965 rise in the percentage of live births below 2500 grams is highly correlated with the amount of strontium-90 in human bone, both peaking in the mid-1960s. In the 1980s, for the baby boom generation (those born between 1945 and 1965), cancer incidence and mortality due to infectious diseases associated with a rising degree of immune deficiency, such as pneumonia, septicemia, and AIDS, increased sharply. This process of increasing immune deficiency appears to have been exacerbated by continuing secondary exposures to accidental reactor releases and by an acceleration of radiation-induced mutation of pathogenic microorganisms increasingly resistant to drugs.
Authors:
J M Gould; E J Sternglass
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0020-7314     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Health Serv     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-08-12     Completed Date:  1994-08-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1305035     Medline TA:  Int J Health Serv     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  311-35     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Radiation and Public Health Project, New York, NY 10024.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Communicable Diseases / etiology,  mortality
Environmental Health / trends*
Europe
Female
Fetal Growth Retardation / etiology*,  mortality
Humans
Immunocompetence / radiation effects*
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes / etiology*,  mortality
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Warfare
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries / etiology*,  mortality
Radioactive Fallout / adverse effects*
Risk Factors
Survival Rate
United States
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioactive Fallout

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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