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Novel pulsatile cerebrospinal fluid model to assess pressure manometry and fluid sampling through spinal needles of different gauge: support for the use of a 22 G spinal needle with a tapered 27 G pencil-point tip.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22157954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: /st>Parallel-walled spinal needles ≤22 G are routinely used for lumbar puncture, despite a reported ≥32% incidence of post-dural puncture headache. A tapered spinal needle (22 G shaft, 27 G tip) is in use in our institution. We hypothesized that despite the smaller dural puncture hole, this needle has similar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure equilibration times and CSF sampling times to a standard 22 G needle and assessed a range of spinal needles using an experimental pulsatile CSF reservoir. METHODS: /st>The pulsatile CSF reservoir had an oscillating pressure varying between 25 and 15 cm H(2)O at a cycle frequency of 80 s(-1). We tested seven parallel-walled spinal needles (18-27 G) and the tapered 22/27 G needle. CSF pressure was measured every 2 s by manometry. The time to collect 1 ml CSF samples was measured. Saline 0.9% and mannitol 20% were tested separately. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test was used to compare 22G, 27G and 22/27G needles. RESULTS: /st>The mean [standard deviation (sd)] CSF pressure equilibration time (saline) was 40.7 (6.4), 108.7 (6.1), and 51.3 (4.6) s for the 22, 27, and 22/27 G needles (P< 0.0001 for comparisons between 27 G and other needles). The mean (sd) CSF sampling time (saline) was 40.3 (3.1), 225.3 (10.0), and 63.0 (5.2) s for the 22, 27, and 22/27 G needles (P< 0.0001 for comparisons between 27 G and other needles, and P= 0.019 between 22 and 22/27 G needles). Saline was different from mannitol for both measurements and all needles (P< 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: /st>A 22/27 G tapered spinal needle has similar flow properties to the 22 G needle, despite a 27 G tip.
Authors:
Y Ginosar; Y Smith; T Ben-Hur; J M Lovett; T Clements; Y D Ginosar; E M Davidson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and.
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