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Novel oligomannose liposome-DNA complex DNA vaccination efficiently evokes anti-HPV E6 and E7 CTL responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22032938     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to establish an efficient human papilloma virus (HPV) type 16-targeting cancer immunotherapy. Persistent high-risk HPV infection causes cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) and subsequent cervical carcinoma. HPV type16 (HPV16) is one of the common carcinogenic types and is found in about 50% of invasive cervical carcinomas. HPV16-derived viral proteins E6 and E7 are expressed in cancerous cells through the progression of the disease and have a role in carcinogenesis but are not expressed in normal cells. Thus, these proteins are regarded as ideal antigens for cervical carcinoma immunotherapy. In this study, we generated a novel HPV 16 E6 and E7 gene plasmid containing oligomannose liposomes (OML-HPV). We compared the cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) induction efficiency of OML-HPV and that of standard liposome-HPV16 E6 and E7 DNA complex. HPV16 E6-specific CTLs could be generated from HPV 16-positive cervical carcinoma patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by stimulating OML-HPV, but could not by stimulating standard liposome-HPV 16 E6, E7 DNA complex. Furthermore, we screened HLA-A24-restricted HPV16 E6- and E7-derived peptides, and found that one E6-derived peptide (E6 66-74) showed the highest immunogenicity with ELISPOT assay from 100% of HPV16-positive patients (4 out of 4). On the other hand, other E6- or E7-derived peptides, including E6 49-57, E6 82-90, E6 87-95, E6 98-106 and E7 83-93, showed less frequent reactivity. These results indicate that OML-HPV is a more effective approach than DNA vaccination using standard liposomes, and that a novel HLA-A24-restricted peptide, E6 66-74, might be a suitable target of cervical cancer immunotherapy.
Authors:
Masahito Mizuuchi; Yoshihiko Hirohashi; Toshihiko Torigoe; Kuroda Takafumi; Kazuyo Yasuda; Tsuyoshi Saito; Noriyuki Sato
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and molecular pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0945     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370711     Medline TA:  Exp Mol Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1 West-17, Chuo-Ku, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1 West-17, Chuo-Ku, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan.
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