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Novel macro-microporous gelatin scaffold fabricated by particulate leaching for soft tissue reconstruction with adipose-derived stem cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143193     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The restoration of body contours as shaped by adipose tissue remains a clinical challenge specifically in patients who have experienced loss of contour due to trauma, surgical removal of tumours or congenital abnormalities. We have developed a novel macro-microporous biomaterial for use in soft tissue re-bulking and augmentation. Alginate beads provided the pore template for the construct. Incorporation, and subsequent dissolution, of the beads within a 7 % (w/v) gelatin matrix, produced a highly porous scaffold with an average pore size of 2.01 ± 0.08 mm. The ability of this scaffold to support the in vitro growth and differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) was then investigated. Histological analysis confirmed that the scaffold itself provided a suitable environment to support the growth of ADSCs on the scaffold walls. When delivered into the macropores in a fibrin hydrogel, ADSCs proliferated and filled the pores. In addition, ADSCs could readily be differentiated along the adipogenic lineage. These results therefore describe a novel scaffold that can support the proliferation and delivery of ADSCs. The scaffold is the first stage in developing a clinical alternative to current treatment methods for soft tissue reconstruction.
Manraj K Phull; Trevor Eydmann; Judy Roxburgh; Justin R Sharpe; Diana J Lawrence-Watt; Gary Phillips; Yella Martin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4838     ISO Abbreviation:  J Mater Sci Mater Med     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9013087     Medline TA:  J Mater Sci Mater Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Brighton Sussex Medical School, Brighton, UK.
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