Document Detail


Novel hybrids of 15-membered 8a- and 9a-azahomoerythromycin A ketolides and quinolones as potent antibacterials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21055953     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A series of novel 6-O-substituted and 6,12-di-O-substituted 8a-aza-8a-homoerythromycin A and 9a-aza-9a-homoerythromycin A ketolides were synthesized and evaluated for in vitro antibacterial activity against a panel of representative erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant test strains. Another series of ketolides based on 14-membered erythromycin oxime scaffold was also synthesized and their antibacterial activity compared to those of 15-membered azahomoerythromycin analogues. In general, structure-activity studies have shown that 14-membered ketolides displayed favorable antibacterial activity in comparison to their corresponding 15-membered analogues within 9a-azahomoerythromycin series. However, within 8a-azahomoerythromycin series, some compounds incorporating a ketolide combined with either quinoline or quinolone pharmacophore substructures showed significantly potent activity against a variety of erythromycin-susceptible and macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLS(B))-resistant Gram-positive pathogens as well as fastidious Gram-negative pathogens. The best compounds in this series overcome all types of resistance in relevant clinical Gram-positive pathogens and display hitherto unprecedented in vitro activity against the constitutively MLS(B)-resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, they also represent an improvement over telithromycin (2) and cethromycin (3) against fastidious Gram-negative pathogens Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis.
Authors:
Dražen Pavlović; Andrea Fajdetić; Stjepan Mutak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1464-3391     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioorg. Med. Chem.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9413298     Medline TA:  Bioorg Med Chem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8566-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
PLIVA Research Institute, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 29, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. dpavlovic@enscbp.fr
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