Document Detail


Novel electrophysiologic parameter of dispersion of atrial repolarization: comparison of different atrial pacing methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11902144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization plays a major role in reentrant tachyarrhythmias in cardiac tissue. However, the role of atrial repolarization added activation time (AT) to refractoriness in atrial vulnerability has not been investigated in detail. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 34 patients: 18 with atrial fibrillation (AF) and 16 without AF (control group). The effective refractory periods (ERPs) in the right atrial appendage, low lateral right atrium, high right septum, and distal coronary sinus, and ATs from P wave onset to each electrogram during sinus rhythm and right atrial appendage, low lateral right atrial, high right septal, distal coronary sinus, and biatrial pacing were measured. Atrial recovery time, defined as the sum of AT and ERP, and its dispersions during sinus rhythm, right atrial appendage, low lateral right atrial, high right septal, distal coronary sinus, and biatrial pacing were calculated. Both ERP dispersion and atrial recovery time dispersion during sinus rhythm were significantly greater in the AF group than in the control group. Atrial recovery time dispersion during distal coronary sinus, high right septal, or biatrial pacing was significantly smaller than that during right atrial appendage or low lateral right atrial pacing in each group. In particular, atrial recovery time dispersion during distal coronary sinus pacing was the smallest of the five pacing methods in the AF group. P wave duration during biatrial or high right septal pacing was significantly shorter than during right atrial appendage, low lateral right atrial, or distal coronary sinus pacing in each group. CONCLUSION: Atrial recovery time dispersion is suitable as an electrophysiologic parameter of atrial vulnerability. Distal coronary sinus pacing may prevent AF by increasing homogeneity of atrial repolarization, whereas biatrial and high right septal pacing contribute not only homogeneity of atrial repolarization but also improvement of atrial depolarization.
Authors:
Masahiro Ogawa; Koichiro Kumagai; Naoki Gondo; Naomichi Matsumoto; Kazuhiro Suyama; Keijiro Saku
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1045-3873     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-19     Completed Date:  2002-10-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  110-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Japan. ogawamas@kc4.so-net.ne.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Atrial Appendage / physiopathology*
Atrial Fibrillation / prevention & control*
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Chi-Square Distribution
Electrophysiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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