Document Detail

Novel control system to prevent right ventricular failure induced by rotary blood pump.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24504544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Right ventricular (RV) failure is a potentially fatal complication after treatment with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Ventricular septal shift caused by such devices is an important factor in the progress of RV dysfunction. We developed a control system for a rotary blood pump that can change rotational speed (RS) in synchrony with the cardiac cycle. We postulated that decreasing systolic RS using this system would alter ventricular septal movement and thus prevent RV failure. We implanted the EVAHEART ventricular assist device into seven adult goats weighing 54.1 ± 2.1 kg and induced acute bi-ventricular dysfunction by coronary embolization. Left and RV pressure was monitored, and ventricular septal movement was echocardiographically determined. We evaluated circuit-clamp mode as the control condition, as well as continuous and counter-pulse modes, both with full bypass. As a result, a leftward ventricular septal shift occurred in continuous and counter-pulse modes. The septal shift was corrected as a result of decreased RS during the systolic phase in counter-pulse mode. RV fractional area change improved in counter-pulse (59.0 ± 4.6 %) compared with continuous (44.7 ± 4.0 %) mode. In conclusion, decreased RS delivered during the systolic phase using the counter-pulse mode of our new system holds promise for the clinical correction of ventricular septal shift resulting from a LVAD and might confer a benefit upon RV function.
Mamoru Arakawa; Takashi Nishimura; Yoshiaki Takewa; Akihide Umeki; Masahiko Ando; Yuichiro Kishimoto; Yutaka Fujii; Shunei Kyo; Hideo Adachi; Eisuke Tatsumi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of artificial organs : the official journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1619-0904     ISO Abbreviation:  J Artif Organs     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815648     Medline TA:  J Artif Organs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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