Document Detail

Novel approach for a precise determination of short-time intervals in ankle sprain experiments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19766223     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The etiology of ankle sprain injury is still under debate. Therefore, diagnoses of ankle inversion experiments play an important role. Recent studies stress the importance of exact time measurements due to the short inversion period of around 70ms. This paper presents a novel approach using the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) to determine the short-time intervals in ankle sprain experiments, which are present in the form of short periods from the beginning of the movement to its end and short latencies to following signals, e.g. EMG onset of peroneal muscles. We compare our method to electrogoniometry at the ankle which is considered as the gold standard. During the inversion movement the kinematic action at the ankle can be measured with electrogoniometry, whereas the vGRF quantifies the vertical dynamic reaction of the tested subject entirely. We observe a difference of DeltaT(f,0-->g,0)=10+/-0.5ms between the first observable vGRF response and the first observable electrogoniometer response following platform release. The end of the ankle inversion measured with electrogoniometry is DeltaT(f,1-->g,1)=3+/-0.5ms later than the maximal vGRF peak. The potential supplementary (mechanical) information of this novel approach compared to electrogoniometry and its ease of use, may be not only interesting for researchers when studying ankle sprain simulations but also for clinicians when testing functional ankle stability.
Syn Schmitt; Mark Melnyk; Wilfried Alt; Albert Gollhofer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2009-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-2380     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-28     Completed Date:  2010-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2823-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut f?r Sport- und Bewegungswissenschaft, Universit?t Stuttgart, Allmandring 28, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Ankle Injuries / physiopathology*
Ankle Joint / physiopathology*
Arthrometry, Articular / instrumentation*,  methods*
Equipment Design
Equipment Failure Analysis
Physical Stimulation / instrumentation*,  methods*
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sprains and Strains / physiopathology*
Time Factors

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