Document Detail

Novel adaptation of brush cytology technique for short-term primary culture of squamous and Barrett's esophageal cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11474388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Esophageal disease research is impeded by a paucity of nonmalignant cell lines. Furthermore, culture of primary esophageal cells is difficult because of a lack of cell adhesion and contamination. The aim of this study was to develop a short-term culture method to facilitate cell physiologic studies by using primary esophageal cells. METHODS: By using a cytology brush, squamous and Barrett's epithelial cells were obtained from the esophagus of patients undergoing upper endoscopy. Cells were brushed onto chamber slides and allowed to adhere to the surface. Primary culture media was then added and cells were maintained at 37 degrees C for up to 72 hours. Cell yield and viability were calculated after trypan blue staining. For cell physiologic studies, cells were loaded with pH-sensitive dye BCECF-AM and intracellular pH measured on a dual excitation fluorescence microscope after an ammonium chloride prepulse. At the end of the physiologic experiments, cells were fixed in methanol and acetone and the cell type was verified with cytokeratin immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Viable human esophageal cells were maintained in culture for up to 72 hours. The cells extruded trypan blue, and BCECF-AM was cleaved to BCECF by an intact cell membrane and permitted intracellular pH measurements. The epithelial cell origin of the cells was confirmed by cytokeratin staining. There was no contamination over the culture period and no overgrowth by lymphocytes or fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: This novel adaptation of brush cytology technique enables short-term culture of esophageal cells for in vitro studies. This rapid, simple primary culture technique is suitable for endoscopy and does not require the immediate, time-consuming laboratory techniques.
R C Fitzgerald; M J Farthing; G Triadafilopoulos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0016-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-27     Completed Date:  2001-09-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Section of Gastroenterology, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Barrett Esophagus / pathology*
Cell Survival
Cells, Cultured
Cytological Techniques*
Esophagus / cytology*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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