Document Detail


Novel Direct-Acting Anticoagulants for Risk Reduction in ACS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23172897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Approximately 1.2 million people are hospitalized annually for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the United States, with direct medical costs estimated at $150 billion in 2009. Rehospitalization is common, often as the result of recurrence of the initial event or complications of ACS or its therapy. Thrombosis is central to the pathogenesis of ACS. The current standard of care includes dual antiplatelet therapy, which reduces platelet activation and aggregation, integral steps for forming a thrombus. However, antiplatelet therapy does not prevent continued thrombin generation or the deposition of fibrin in the clot and residual risk of a recurrent event remains high. New oral anticoagulants offer a mechanism of action that is different from and complementary to that of antiplatelet agents. The ATLAS ACS-TIMI 51 (Anti-Xa Therapy to Lower Cardiovascular Events in Addition to Standard Therapy in Subjects with Acute Coronary Syndrome-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 51) trial, using rivaroxaban, is the first trial of the new oral anticoagulants to show a benefit when added to antiplatelet therapy in reducing ACS events and mortality. While there was more major bleeding with the addition of rivaroxaban, fatal bleeding was not increased. These agents, if added to the current standard of care, might substantially reduce the high clinical and economic consequences of ACS.
Authors:
Paul P Dobesh; Julie H Oestreich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pharmacy practice     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-1937     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pharm Pract     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8900945     Medline TA:  J Pharm Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
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