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A Novel Approach to Cardiac Troponins to Improve the Diagnostic Work-up in Chest Pain Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23149362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In patients with acute chest pain, current guidelines recommend serial measurements of cardiac troponins at predefined and partly late time points. Consequently, diagnostic assessment in these patients tends to be lengthy and often results in unnecessary admissions. We, therefore, evaluated whether an approach integrating troponin results into the clinical context provided by the individual patient's presentation might facilitate the early diagnostic work-up. In 197 chest pain patients, cardiac troponin I (cTnI; Stratus CS) was measured serially within 12 hours after hospital admission. In patient cohorts with different chances of having myocardial infarction (MI) according to clinical data, electrocardiographic findings, and admission biomarker results, pretest probabilities for MI were calculated and compared with posttest probabilities derived from subsequent cTnI results after admission. Elevated cTnI levels at 1 to 2 hours after admission revealed ≥95.0% posttest probabilities for MI in cohorts with intermediate or high chances of having MI. The posttest probabilities for the absence of MI were 94.7% to 98.2% in cohorts with low or intermediate chances of having MI when cTnI was negative at 2 hours. Troponin testing considering the individual patient's pretest probability of MI seems, in conclusion, to provide clinically useful information already 1 to 2 hours after admission. Such an approach has the potential to identify both patient cohorts in whom early discharge or admittance for further evaluation would be appropriate. This could facilitate the early diagnostic work-up of chest pain patients, thereby improving patient flow and reducing overcrowding in healthcare facilities.
Authors:
Kai M Eggers; Allan S Jaffe; Bodil Svennblad; Bertil Lindahl
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical pathways in cardiology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1535-2811     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Pathw Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101165286     Medline TA:  Crit Pathw Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  199-205     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the *Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; †Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN; and ‡Uppsala Clinical Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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