Document Detail


Not all drinks are created equal: implications for alcohol assessment in India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18832137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: There is sparse literature on drink alcohol content in developing countries. This study documented detailed information on drink sizes and ethanol content of alcoholic beverages consumed in three different parts of India.
METHODS: Data primarily from formative phases of studies on alcohol use patterns in the states of Delhi, Rajasthan and Goa are reported. Participant observation and semi-structured interviews with key informants and drinking respondents were used to assess different beverage types and to empirically measure actual drink sizes as poured. Investigation of ethanol content included the use of biochemical analyses, the alcoholmeter and the Analox Analyser AM3. Respondents interviewed in the post-formative phase in one study were also asked to define the volume of their drinks by indicating pour levels in select drinking vessels.
RESULTS: A wide range of alcoholic drinks were documented that varied in ethanol concentration across and within sites. Drink sizes, particularly for high-strength beverages, varied both by study site and respondent, with pours of distilled spirits on average being larger than standard measures.
CONCLUSION: Estimates of both mean volume of alcohol consumption and heavy drinking amounts are influenced by variability in alcohol concentration and respondent-defined pour sizes. The variation in drink alcohol content found across Indian states indicates that prior to conducting quantitative surveys, preliminary work on sources of drink alcohol content variation should be undertaken to tailor measurement tools to specific beverages and drinking practices observed. Recommendations for alcohol research in developing countries are provided.
Authors:
Madhabika B Nayak; William Kerr; Thomas K Greenfield; Aravind Pillai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-10-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1464-3502     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol Alcohol.     Publication Date:    2008 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-05-14     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8310684     Medline TA:  Alcohol Alcohol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  713-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Alcohol Research Group, 6475 Christie Avenue, Suite 400, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA. mnayak@arg.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
Alcoholic Beverages / analysis*,  standards
Ethanol / analysis*,  chemistry
Female
Humans
India / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Pilot Projects
Rural Population
Urban Population
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 AA05595/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; P50 AA005595/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; P50 AA05595/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R21 AA014773/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R21 AA014773-02/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol
Comments/Corrections

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