Document Detail

Normovolaemic haemodilution attenuates cardiac depression induced by sodium bicarbonate in canine metabolic acidosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8949821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was designed to determine if coexisting metabolic acidosis or normovolaemic haemodilution, or both, modifies the acute cardiodepressant effect of i.v. sodium bicarbonate. Thirty-one mongrel dogs were anaesthetized with halothane, and the lungs ventilated mechanically; dogs were allocated randomly to one of four groups: control group (pHa 7.39 (SD 0.03), base excess -1.0 (1.6) mmol litre-1, haemoglobin 13.9 (2.5) g dl-1 (n = 8)), metabolic acidosis group (pHa 7.21 (0.05), base excess -11.2 (2.1) mmol litre1, haemoglobin 13.4 (2.6) g dl-1 (n = 8)), anaemia group (pHa 7.40 (0.04), base excess 0.1 (2.0) mmol litre-1, haemoglobin 7.2 (1.1) g dl-1 (n = 8)) or anaemia acidosis group (pHa 7.22 (0.04), base excess -11.0 (2.2) mmol litre-1, haemoglobin 7.4 (0.3) g dl-1 (n = 7)). Metabolic acidosis was induced by continuous i.v. infusion of hydrochloric acid 2 mol litre-1. Normovolaemic haemodilution was undertaken by phlebotomy and simultaneous exchange with lactated Ringer's solution at 37 degrees C. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulmonary artery pressure, right atrial pressure (RAP), maximum rate of change of pressure in the right ventricle (RV dP/dtmax) and pulmonary blood flow (PBF) were measured at 30 s, 1 and 3 min after administration of 7% sodium bicarbonate solution 1 mmol kg-1 given into the right atrium over 5 s. Sodium bicarbonate produced significant decreases in MAP and RV dP/dtmax at 30 s in all groups except for the anaemia acidosis group (P < 0.05). There was a significant decrease in right ventricular stroke volume in the metabolic acidosis group from baseline values (P < 0.05), and compared with the three other groups (P < 0.05). These results indicate that the cardiodepressant effect of sodium bicarbonate 1 mmol kg-1 i.v. during metabolic acidosis was more pronounced than without acidosis, but was attenuated in the presence of normovolaemic haemodilution.
M Tanaka; T Nishikawa; T Mizutani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0007-0912     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-07     Completed Date:  1997-01-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  408-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia/Critical Care Medicine, Tsuchiura Kyodo General Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Acidosis / physiopathology*
Acidosis, Respiratory / physiopathology
Anemia / physiopathology
Depression, Chemical
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Sodium Bicarbonate / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
144-55-8/Sodium Bicarbonate

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