Document Detail

Normal values and incidence of cardiorespiratory complications in dogs during general anaesthesia. A review of 1281 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17931219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper describes the cardiorespiratory variables and the incidence of anaesthetic complications in dogs. For this, a retrospective study of 1281 anaesthesias was performed. Heart rate (HR), non-invasive mean arterial (MAP), systolic (SP) and diastolic pressures (DP), invasive mean arterial (IMAP), systolic (ISP) and diastolic pressures (IDP), central venous pressure (CVP), respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (V(T)), minute volume (V(M)), end-tidal CO(2) (EtCO(2)), arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), temperature (T) and death are reported. Data were described both globally and separately for each ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification) status. An ANOVA and a Tukey's test were used for comparing the different ASA status' values (alpha=0.05). During anaesthetic maintenance, the mean +/- SD of the studied variables were: HR: 91+/-27 bpm. MAP: 86+/-24 mmHg. IMAP: 80+/-22 mmHg. SP: 114+/-25 mmHg. ISP: 109+/-26 mmHg. DP: 67+/-23 mmHg. IDP: 66+/-22 mmHg. CVP: 5+/-3 mmHg. RR: 19+/-11 rpm. V(T): 14+/-7 ml/kg. V(M): 191+/-93 ml/kg/min. EtCO(2): 40+/-8 mmHg. T: 37.1+/-1.7 degrees C. ASA III and ASA IV patients, compared with those with ASA I, showed higher values of HR, RR, V(T) and V(M) and lower in IMAP, CVP, EtCO(2), SpO(2) and T. The most frequent complications were bradycardia (36.3% of the patients), hypotension (37.9%), hypoventilation (63.4%), hypoxia (16.4%), hypothermia (4.8%) and death (0.9%). Cardiorespiratory complications frequently occur in dogs during general anaesthesia.
J I Redondo; M Rubio; G Soler; I Serra; C Soler; R J Gómez-Villamandos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary medicine. A, Physiology, pathology, clinical medicine     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0931-184X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-12     Completed Date:  2007-12-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955112     Medline TA:  J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Cardenal Herrera-CEU University, Valencia, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Anesthesia / adverse effects,  methods,  mortality,  veterinary*
Anesthesia, General / adverse effects,  methods,  mortality,  veterinary*
Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
Dogs / blood,  physiology*
Heart Rate / drug effects*
Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
Reference Values
Respiration / drug effects*
Retrospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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