Document Detail

Normal leg compartment pressures in adult Nigerians using the Whitesides method.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16089098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In Caucasians, the range of normal intracompartmental pressure of the leg is from 0 mmHg to 15 mmHg. In the literature, such measurements have not been done in Africa to identify normal leg intracompartmental pressures. We have sought to identify the normal range of pressures in such a population of Nigerians, and to demonstrate the reproducibility of the Whitesides injection technique with materials that are easily available in most hospitals so that compartment syndromes could be identified promptly and inexpensively in developing countries. We performed a 16-month hospital-based prospective study at Wesley Guild Hospital in Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria, to measure the intracompartmental pressures in the anterior and deep posterior compartments of 49 contralateral uninjured legs of patients with closed contralateral tibial fractures, measured at presentation. The Whitesides infusion technique was used with the aim of determining the normal range of compartmental pressure in Nigerians. The anterior compartment pressures ranged from 3 mmHg to 18 mmHg with a mean 7.6 +/- 2.6 mmHg. The pressure in the deep posterior compartment ranged from 3 mmHg to 14 mmHg with mean of 7.4 +/- 2.7 mmHg. The values are similar to those reported in the literature. There was no statistically significant difference between the pressures in the two compartments (p = 0.668).
Johnson D Ogunlusi; Lawrence M Oginni; Innocent C Ikem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Iowa orthopaedic journal     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1541-5457     ISO Abbreviation:  Iowa Orthop J     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-10     Completed Date:  2005-10-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908272     Medline TA:  Iowa Orthop J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  200-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Anterior Compartment Syndrome / diagnosis
Fractures, Closed / physiopathology*
Leg / physiopathology*
Reference Values
Tibial Fractures / physiopathology*,  surgery*

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