Document Detail


Normal left ventricular ejection fraction and mass but subclinical myocardial dysfunction in patients with Friedreich's ataxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22127629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Myocardial involvement in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is characterized by iron deposits, diffuse fibrosis, and focal necrosis. We hypothesized that subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction may occur in 'FRDA patients who have normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and mass. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients homozygous for the GAA expansion in the frataxin gene (mean age: 35 ± 16 years) and twenty age- and sex-matched controls (mean age: 34 ± 15 years) were studied using conventional echocardiography and speckle-tracking imaging. The two groups did not differ in terms of the LVEF (68 ± 6 vs. 67 ± 6%, in patients and controls, respectively) or LV mass (91 ± 20 vs. 82 ± 17 g/m&sup2;). Global systolic longitudinal (-15.3 ± 2.1 vs. -17.5 ± 1.6%, P = 0.001) and circumferential (-19.5 ± 2.9 vs. -21.4 ± 2.6%, P = 0.034) strain, and peak LV twist (9.2 ± 3.3 vs. 11.7 ± 2.3°, P = 0.008) were significantly reduced in patients compared with controls. Indexed stroke volume was also significantly lower in patients (36 ± 5 vs. 43 ± 8 mL/m&sup2;, P = 0.0012) and this decreased LV pump performance was associated with a concentric remodelling pattern (relative wall thickness: 0.47 ± 0.08 vs. 0.35 ± 0.05, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: There is evidence of morphological and functional abnormalities in FRDA patients with normal LVEF and mass.
Authors:
Chantal Dedobbeleer; Myriam Rai; Erwan Donal; Massimo Pandolfo; Philippe Unger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2114     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890618     Medline TA:  Eur J Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 808 Rte de Lennik, Brussels 1070, Belgium.
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