Document Detail

Normal bladder sensations in healthy volunteers: A focus group investigation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21608021     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: To describe the bladder sensations experienced during non-invasive rapid bladder filling in a controlled setting in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Three groups of healthy volunteers, total 11 subjects (4 men, 7 women), participated in three consecutive focus group sessions. Before each session a strict water loading protocol was given. The first two sessions focused on how participants described and experienced bladder sensations in daily life and during a physiological bladder filling with constant focus on their bladder. The third session focused on verifying the interpretation of the data gathered so far and describing the pattern of sensations. RESULTS: During the focus group sessions with constant focus on their bladder, all participants experienced their bladder sensation as a continuous progression. Healthy subjects describe their bladder sensation(s) as a "pressure" and a "tingling" sensation, but a terminology ranging from no sensations to an absolute need to void is used by all participants and better describes the pattern in which the need to void develops in healthy volunteers. CONCLUSIONS: By means of focus group research it is possible to describe the development of normal bladder sensation and to refine terminology used by healthy participants. The findings show that two types of bladder sensations are reported spontaneously by healthy uninitiated volunteers, pressure and a tingling sensation, of which the first develops in a continuous manner. The pattern in which the absolute need develops is described by the terms: no sensation, weak awareness, stronger awareness, weak need, stronger need and absolute need to void. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Rhea Heeringa; Stefan G G de Wachter; Philip E V van Kerrebroeck; Gommert A van Koeveringe
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurourology and urodynamics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-6777     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303326     Medline TA:  Neurourol Urodyn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Urology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; European Graduate School of Neuroscience (EURON), Maastricht University, Maastricht; The Netherlands.
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