Document Detail

Normal anatomic variants on transthoracic echocardiogram.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19840080     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Apart from their existence as medical curiosities, anatomic variants also double as diagnostic dilemmas. In the heart, more than in any other location in the body, misinterpretation of normal anatomic variants as pathologic entities can have a profound impact on treatment decisions and clinical consequences. Echocardiography is an easily accessible tool these days and is used routinely in most cardiac evaluations. Thus it becomes imperative for the echocardiographer to be cognizant of normal anatomic variants. Furthermore, echocardiographic findings should always be evaluated in their proper clinical context and diagnoses should never be entertained in a clinical vacuum. The literature is replete with numerous case reports and vignettes on these fascinating structures but is lacking in a formal review of normal anatomic variants. In this article, we have attempted a systemic review of normal variants, their embryologic origins, echocardiographic characteristics, and common pitfalls encountered in their evaluation.
Anil George; Anoop Parameswaran; Raj Nekkanti; Karen Lurito; Assad Movahed
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-20     Completed Date:  2010-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1109-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
East Carolina Heart Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Echocardiography / methods
Echocardiography, Transesophageal / methods*
Heart Defects, Congenital / classification*,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Young Adult

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