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Normal cortisol response to high-dose synacthen and insulin tolerance test in children and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20980432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disease associated with hypogonadism and partial GH insufficiency, possibly explained in part by a hypothalamic dysfunction. Partial insufficiency of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has recently been suggested.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to further explore the HPA axis in PWS by use of routine tests.
DESIGN: Nonselected PWS patients were examined with a standard high-dose synacthen test or the insulin tolerance test (ITT). A random serum (s) cortisol was measured in case of acute illness.
SETTING: The study was conducted at university hospitals in Denmark and Sweden.
PATIENTS: Sixty-five PWS patients with a confirmed genetic diagnosis participated in the study.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A s-cortisol value above 500 nmol/liter as well as an increase of 250 nmol/liter or greater was considered a normal response.
RESULTS: Fifty-seven PWS patients (median age 22 yr, total range 0.5-48 yr) were examined with the high-dose synacthen test. The median s-cortisol at the time of 30 min was 699 (474-1578) nmol/liter. Only one patient had a s-cortisol level below 500 nmol/liter but an increase of 359 nmol/liter. This patient subsequently showed a normal ITT response. Two patients had increases less than 250 nmol/liter but a time of 30-min s-cortisol values of 600 nmol/liter or greater. These three patients were interpreted as normal responders. Eight patients [aged 26 (16-36) yr] examined with the ITT had a median peak s-cortisol of 668 (502-822) nmol/liter. Four children admitted for acute illnesses had s-cortisol values ranging from 680 to 1372 nmol/liter.
CONCLUSION: In this PWS cohort, the function of the HPA axis was normal, suggesting that clinically significant adrenal insufficiency in PWS is rare.
Authors:
Stense Farholt; Rasmus Sode-Carlsen; Jens Sandahl Christiansen; John R Østergaard; Charlotte Høybye
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  96     ISSN:  1945-7197     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E173-80     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Rare Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. stenfarh@rm.dk.
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