Document Detail


Nonverbal social behaviors of patients with bipolar mania during interactions with virtual humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19525741     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has been proposed that positive emotional biases could make bipolar manic (BM) patients maintain abnormally approaching behaviors during social interactions. To test this hypothesis, we measured interpersonal distance (IPD) and gaze angle of BM patients and normal controls (NCs) during social interaction in immersive virtual environment. Overall, IPDs of BM patients (n = 20) were greater than those of normal controls (n = 20). The IPD difference was even greater between NCs and BM patients with psychotic features (n = 11) than those without psychotic features (n = 9). Regardless of the presence of psychotic features, BM patients averted their gazes more than NCs, and even more while speaking than while listening. Our results might suggest negativistic social cognition of bipolar patients, as was previously found even during a manic phase, or the role of paranoid symptoms in avoidant social behaviors, in agreement with prior studies with schizophrenic patients. Use of proper space and gaze might have psychotherapeutic implication in developing secure, two-person relationship with bipolar patients regardless of the presence of disrupting manic symptoms.
Authors:
Eosu Kim; Jeonghun Ku; Jae-Jin Kim; Hyeongrae Lee; Kiwan Han; Sun I Kim; Hyun-Sang Cho
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  197     ISSN:  1539-736X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-15     Completed Date:  2009-06-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  412-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bipolar Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology*
Demography
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Female
Fixation, Ocular
Humans
Internet
Interpersonal Relations*
Male
Nonverbal Communication*
Severity of Illness Index
Social Behavior*
Social Distance
User-Computer Interface*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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