Document Detail

Nontyphoidal cardiac salmonellosis: two case reports and a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25120393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Nontyphoidal Salmonella, especially Salmonella enterica, is a rare cause of endocarditis and pericarditis that carries a high mortality rate. Proposed predisposing conditions include immunodeficiency states, congenital heart defects, and cardiac valve diseases. We present 2 cases of cardiovascular salmonellosis. The first case is that of a 73-year-old woman with mechanical mitral and bioprosthetic aortic valves who died from sequelae of nontyphoidal Salmonella mitral valve vegetation, aortic valve abscess, and sepsis. The second case is that of a 62-year-old man with a recent systemic lupus erythematosus exacerbation treated with oral steroids, who presented with obstructive features of tamponade and sepsis secondary to a large S. enteritidis purulent pericardial cyst. He recovered after emergent pericardial drainage and antibiotic therapy. Identifying patients at risk of cardiovascular salmonellosis is important for early diagnosis and treatment to minimize sequelae and death. We reviewed the literature to identify the predisposing risk factors of nontyphoidal Salmonella cardiac infection.
Daniel Ortiz; Eric M Siegal; Christopher Kramer; Bijoy K Khandheria; Ernesto Brauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1526-6702     ISO Abbreviation:  Tex Heart Inst J     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-08-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214622     Medline TA:  Tex Heart Inst J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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