Document Detail


Nontraumatic exercise-related deaths in the U.S. military, 1996-1999.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12502168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We identified 215 exercise-related deaths in U.S. military personnel on active duty during 1996-1999. The most complete case information was for active duty Army personnel during 1998-1999, providing an exercise-related death rate of 4.3 per 100,000 person-years (41/963,000) and accounting for 6% of Army deaths (14 during physical fitness testing). The cause of death was confirmed by autopsy or clinical data for 85% of the cases. Arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease was the predominant cause of death for those 30 to 58 years of age. For age 17 to 34 years, 50% of deaths were attributable to preexisting heart disease (16% from coronary anomalies), 20% attributable to nontraumatic drowning, and 12% attributable to exertional heat illness, also a potential contributory factor in cardiac deaths. Most exercise-related deaths were related to running (60%), sports (14%), and swimming (13%). Improvements in health promotion, medical management, and stricter exclusion from inappropriate exercise (especially fitness test runs) could reduce these deaths.
Authors:
John W Gardner; Frank D Gutmann; Robert N Potter; John A Kark
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  167     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-27     Completed Date:  2003-01-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  964-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aerospace Medicine
Coronary Artery Disease / mortality
Exercise*
Humans
Middle Aged
Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
Naval Medicine
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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