Document Detail

Nonreporting of births or nonreporting of pregnancies? Some evidence from four rural counties in north China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7828767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Coale and Banister argue that in China, elevated sex ratios in retrospective surveys are in part a function of collecting birth histories in a culture in which the definition of a birth may exclude mortality shortly after birth: an infant death in the West may be a stillbirth in east Asia. I present data from a recent sample survey featuring a retrospective pregnancy history. These data reveal that at least in the first pregnancy, from which the preponderance of sample births arise, there is no evidence of elevated female infant mortality or of high numbers of stillbirths, but that reported sex ratios are unusually high. The proportion of stillbirths grows for later pregnancies, but not enough to account for high sex ratios. Retrospective fertility data regarding recall over a recent interval are vexed less by a misunderstanding of what a live birth is than by a "misunderstanding" of what a (reportable) pregnancy is.
H L Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Demography     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0070-3370     ISO Abbreviation:  Demography     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-23     Completed Date:  1995-02-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226703     Medline TA:  Demography     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  481-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6298.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Legal / statistics & numerical data
Bias (Epidemiology)
China / epidemiology
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Developing Countries*
Fetal Death / epidemiology
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Retrospective Studies
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Ratio*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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