Document Detail

Nonpharmacological interventions for breathlessness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21532347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breathlessness is difficult to palliate and nonpharmacological interventions are effective management strategies currently available for mobile patients. These are a diverse group of interventions, currently poorly defined and inconsistently used. This review concentrates on identifying and recommending the most effective nonpharmacological strategies for breathlessness, to aid clinical practice.
RECENT FINDINGS: Much of the evidence presented is based on a Cochrane Review, which demonstrated that facial cooling, by handheld fan, mobility aids (e.g. rollators) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation all had evidence to support their use in breathlessness. Breathing exercises, pacing and positioning are frequently used to manage breathlessness, but need definition and further research. Anxiety reduction techniques and carer support are used in chronic disease management and applicable for breathlessness, but act indirectly. Exercise is a long established management strategy in both respiratory and other chronic diseases to maintain fitness (which reduces breathlessness) and increase psychological well being.
SUMMARY: All patients with breathlessness should learn appropriate nonpharmacological interventions. Some can be taught by clinicians without specialist training, but others require specialist skills and high levels of engagement by cognitively intact and highly motivated people. Specialist breathlessness services may be more effective in delivering complex nonpharmacological interventions, but more research is needed.
Sara Booth; Catherine Moffat; Julie Burkin; Sarah Galbraith; Claudia Bausewein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in supportive and palliative care     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1751-4266     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Support Palliat Care     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101297402     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Support Palliat Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
aDepartment of Palliative Care, University of Cambridge, UK bDepartment of Palliative Care, Breathlessness Intervention/Long Term Conditions Service, UK cDepartment of Palliative Care, Cambridge University Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK dDepartment of Palliative Care, Policy & Rehabilitation, King's College London, Cicely Saunders Institute, London, UK.
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