Document Detail

Nonpharmacologic therapy for hypertension: does it really work?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17059793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nondrug therapy of hypertension really does work but requires strong motivation by both patient and physician. In addition to global health benefits, prescription of weight loss, exercise, moderation of salt and alcohol intake, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan, and tobacco avoidance can decrease the risk for normotensive and prehypertensive patients of developing fixed hypertension. Initiating and maintaining a healthy lifestyle may be sufficient to avoid pharmacologic therapy for some patients and is a valuable adjunct to drug therapy for most. Blood pressure lowering can be achieved by weight reduction (5-20 mm Hg/10 kg), DASH eating plan (8-14 mm Hg), dietary sodium reduction (2-8 mm Hg), increased physical activity (4-9 mm Hg), and moderation of alcohol consumption (2-4 mm Hg). Combination of two or more modalities may have an additive benefit. Cessation of tobacco abuse not only has global health benefits, but may reduce blood pressure.
Thor Tejada; Alessia Fornoni; Oliver Lenz; Barry J Materson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current cardiology reports     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1523-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Cardiol Rep     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-24     Completed Date:  2007-01-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888969     Medline TA:  Curr Cardiol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  418-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Miami OPPRP, PO Box 016960, Miami, FL 33101, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Diet, Sodium-Restricted*
Hypertension / diet therapy,  therapy*
Potassium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Smoking Cessation*
Treatment Outcome
Weight Loss*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Potassium, Dietary

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