Document Detail

Nonpharmacologic control of essential hypertension in man: a critical review of the experimental literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  356079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many nonpharmacologic (behavioral) techniques are being proposed for the therapy of essential hypertension. The research in this area is reviewed and divided roughly into two categories: the biofeedback and relaxation methodologies. While feedback can be used to lower pressures during laboratory training sessions, studies designed to alter basal blood pressure levels with biofeedback have not yet been reported. The absence of evidence for such changes through biofeedback limits the usefulness of this technique in hypertension control. The various relaxation methods, such as yoga, transcendental meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and others have shown more promise. With varying degrees of experimental vigor, many of these techniques have been associated with long-lasting changes in blood pressure. The strengths and weaknesses of the various authors' research designs, data and conclusions are discussed, and suggestions for further experimentation are offered.
K Frumkin; R J Nathan; M F Prout; M C Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:  1978 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-10-27     Completed Date:  1978-10-27     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  294-320     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Autogenic Training
Biofeedback, Psychology*
Follow-Up Studies
Hypertension / etiology,  psychology,  therapy*
Muscle Relaxation
Patient Compliance
Professional-Patient Relations
Relaxation Therapy*
Research Design

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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