Document Detail

Nonnutritive sucking during gavage feeding enhances growth and maturation in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6401358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) by means of a pacifier during gavage feeding were studied in 30 premature infants whose birth weight was less than 1,500 g. The addition of NNS accelerated the maturation of the sucking reflex, facilitating a more rapid transition from gavage to oral feedings. Additionally, NNS decreased intestinal transit time and caused a more rapid weight gain despite comparable caloric intake resulting in a shortened hospital stay. Although the physiologic mechanisms resulting from this form of oral stimulation remain to be investigated, our data suggest that NNS may be an important factor to consider in the feeding of premature infants.
J C Bernbaum; G R Pereira; J B Watkins; G J Peckham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1983 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-02-14     Completed Date:  1983-02-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Gastrointestinal Motility
Infant Care
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Parenteral Nutrition*
Sucking Behavior*
Grant Support

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