Document Detail

Noninvasive mechanical ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23158869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with conventional therapy improves the outcome of patients with acute respiratory failure due to hypercapnic decompensation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE). This review summarizes the main effects of NIV in these pathologies. In COPD, NIV improves gas exchange and symptoms, reducing the need for endotracheal intubation, hospital mortality and hospital stay compared with conventional oxygen therapy. NIV may also avoid reintubation and may decrease the length of invasive mechanical ventilation. In ACPE, NIV accelerates the remission of symptoms and the normalization of blood gas parameters, reduces the need for endotracheal intubation, and is associated with a trend towards lesser mortality, without increasing the incidence of myocardial infarction. The ventilation modality used in ACPE does not affect the patient prognosis.
G Rialp Cervera; A Del Castillo Blanco; O Pérez Aizcorreta; L Parra Morais;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicina intensiva / Sociedad Espanola de Medicina Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1578-6749     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Intensiva     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207689     Medline TA:  Med Intensiva     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; SPA     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. y SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Son Llàtzer, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, España. Electronic address:
Vernacular Title:
Ventilación mecánica no invasiva en la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y en el edema agudo de pulmón cardiogénico.
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