Document Detail


Noninvasive investigations for the early detection of chronic airways dysfunction following lung transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12687027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of chronic rejection after lung transplantation is limited by the lack of a reliable test to detect airways disease early. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether maximum midexpiratory flow (MMEF), or changes on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) or ventilation/perfusion lung (V/Q) scans are sensitive and specific for early detection of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS; forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1] less than 80% post-transplant baseline) by evaluating long term survivors of lung transplantation at two sequential time points. METHODS: Twenty-two stable lung transplant recipients underwent spirometry, HRCT scanning and V/Q scanning 1.6 +/- 0.9 years and 3.1 +/- 1.1 years post-transplant (time points 1 and 2, respectively; mean +/- SD). RESULTS: Although HRCT was sensitive for the detection of BOS, it lacked specificity, and hence, there were no significant relationships between the presence of BOS and any of the HRCT parameters evaluated at time 1 or time 2. Of the V/Q parameters studied, the presence of heterogeneous perfusion (P=0.04, sensitivity 100%, specificity 33%) and segmental perfusion defects (P=0.04, sensitivity 60%, specificity 83%) were significantly related to BOS, but only at time 2. MMEF less than or equal to 75% post-transplant baseline was significantly related to the presence BOS at time 1 only (P=0.05, sensitivity 100%, specificity 47%). MMEF less than or equal to 75% post-transplant baseline at time 1 was sensitive for the development of BOS at time 2, but was limited by low specificity. CONCLUSIONS: In this group of lung transplant recipients, HRCT and V/Q scanning, as well as analysis of MMEF, did not add information that was clinically more useful than FEV1 for the early identification of chronic rejection.
Authors:
Richard C Cook; Guy Fradet; Nestor L Müller; Daniel F Worsely; David Ostrow; Robert D Levy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian respiratory journal : journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1198-2241     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-10     Completed Date:  2003-07-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433332     Medline TA:  Can Respir J     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia Lung Transplant Program, Vancouver, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bronchiolitis Obliterans / diagnosis*,  etiology
Child
Female
Graft Rejection
Graft Survival
Humans
Lung Transplantation / adverse effects*,  methods
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Respiratory Function Tests
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Sampling Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Can Respir J. 2003 Mar;10(2):66-8   [PMID:  12687024 ]

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