Document Detail

Nonhydrogenated cottonseed oil can be used as a deep fat frying medium to reduce trans-fatty acid content in french fries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16321599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research study was to evaluate the fatty acid profile, in particular trans-fatty acids, of french fries fried in nonhydrogenated cottonseed oil as compared with french fries fried in partially hydrogenated canola oil and french fries fried in partially hydrogenated soybean oil. DESIGN: Cottonseed oil, partially hydrogenated canola oil, and partially hydrogenated soybean oil were subjected to a temperature of 177 degrees C for 8 hours per day, and six batches of french fries were fried per day for 5 consecutive days. French fries were weighed before frying, cooked for 5 minutes, allowed to drain, and reweighed. Oil was not replenished and was filtered once per day. Both the oil and the french fries were evaluated to determine fatty acid profiles, trans-fatty acids, and crude fat. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: A randomized block design with split plot was used to analyze the data collected. Least-squares difference was used as the means separation test. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between fries prepared in the three oil types for crude fat. Fatty acid profiles for the french fries remained stable. The french fries prepared in cottonseed oil were significantly lower in trans-fatty acids. The combined total of the trans-fatty acid content and saturated fatty acid content were lower in french fries prepared in cottonseed oil. CONCLUSIONS: Because deep fat frying remains a popular cooking technique, health professionals should educate the public and the food service industry on the benefits of using nonhydrogenated cottonseed oil as an alternative to the commonly used hydrogenated oils.
Darla R Daniel; Leslie D Thompson; Brent J Shriver; Chih-Kang Wu; Linda C Hoover
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-02     Completed Date:  2006-01-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1927-32     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Human Sciences, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX 75962, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cookery / methods*
Cottonseed Oil* / chemistry,  metabolism
Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated / adverse effects,  analysis,  metabolism
Food Technology*
Food-Processing Industry / standards
Random Allocation
Solanum tuberosum / chemistry*,  metabolism
Soybean Oil / adverse effects,  analysis,  metabolism
Trans Fatty Acids / adverse effects,  analysis*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cottonseed Oil; 0/Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated; 0/Trans Fatty Acids; 120962-03-0/canola oil; 8001-22-7/Soybean Oil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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