Document Detail


Noncardiac Comorbidities in Heart Failure With Reduced Versus Preserved Ejection Fraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25456761     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Heart failure patients are classified by ejection fraction (EF) into distinct groups: heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) or heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Although patients with heart failure commonly have multiple comorbidities that complicate management and may adversely affect outcomes, their role in the HFpEF and HFrEF groups is not well-characterized. This review summarizes the role of noncardiac comorbidities in patients with HFpEF versus HFrEF, emphasizing prevalence, underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and outcomes. Pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, anemia, and obesity tend to be more prevalent in HFpEF patients, but renal disease and sleep-disordered breathing burdens are similar. These comorbidities similarly increase morbidity and mortality risk in HFpEF and HFrEF patients. Common pathophysiologic mechanisms include systemic and endomyocardial inflammation with fibrosis. We also discuss implications for clinical care and future HF clinical trial design. The basis for this review was discussions between scientists, clinical trialists, and regulatory representatives at the 10th Global CardioVascular Clinical Trialists Forum.
Authors:
Robert J Mentz; Jacob P Kelly; Thomas G von Lueder; Adriaan A Voors; Carolyn S P Lam; Martin R Cowie; Keld Kjeldsen; Ewa A Jankowska; Dan Atar; Javed Butler; Mona Fiuzat; Faiez Zannad; Bertram Pitt; Christopher M O'Connor
Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-11-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  1558-3597     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  2281-2293     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Multicenter evaluation of a next-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve.
Next Document:  Sputum club cell protein concentration is associated with pulmonary exacerbation in cystic fibrosis.