Document Detail

Non-verbal communication of the residents living in homes for the older people in Slovenia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20977069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Aging of the population is a growing problem in all developed societies. The older people need more health and social services, and their life quality in there is getting more and more important. The study aimed at determining the characteristics of non-verbal communication of the older people living in old people's homes (OPH). The sample consisted of 267 residents of the OPH, aged 65-96 years, and 267 caregivers from randomly selected twenty-seven OPH. Three types of non-verbal communication were observed and analysed using univariate and multivariate statistical methods. In face expressions and head movements about 75% older people looked at the eyes of their caregivers, and about 60% were looking around, while laughing or pressing the lips together was rarely noticed. The differences between genders were not statistically significant while statistically significant differences among different age groups was observed in dropping the eyes (p = 0.004) and smiling (0.008). In hand gestures and trunk movements, majority of older people most often moved forwards and clenched fingers, while most rarely they stroked and caressed their caregivers. The differences between genders were statistically significant in leaning on the table (p = 0.001), and changing the position on the chair (0.013). Statistically significant differences among age groups were registered in leaning forwards (p = 0.006) and pointing to the others (p = 0.036). In different modes of speaking and paralinguistic signs almost 75% older people spoke normally, about 70% kept silent, while they rarely quarrelled. The differences between genders were not statistically significant while statistically significant differences among age groups was observed in persuasive speaking (p = 0.007). The present study showed that older people in OPH in Slovenia communicated significantly less frequently with hand gestures and trunk movements than with face expressions and head movements or different modes of speaking and paralinguistic signs. The caregivers should be aware of this and pay a lot of attention to these two groups of non-verbal expressions. Their importance should be constantly emphasized during the educational process of all kinds of health-care professionals as well.
Marija Zaletel; Asja Nina Kovacev; Olga Sustersic; Lijana Zaletel Kragelj
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-27     Completed Date:  2010-11-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  829-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Health Sciences, Ljubljana University, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
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MeSH Terms
Aged / psychology*
Aged, 80 and over
Homes for the Aged
Interpersonal Relations*
Linear Models

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