Document Detail


Non-speech oro-motor exercise use in acquired dysarthria management: regimes and rationales.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20085536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Non-speech oro-motor exercises (NSOMExs) are described in speech and language therapy manuals and are thought to be much used in acquired dysarthria intervention, though there is no robust evidence of an influence on speech outcome. Opinions differ as to whether, and for which dysarthria presentations, NSOMExs are appropriate.
AIMS: The investigation sought to collect development-phase data, in accordance with the Medical Research Council (MRC) evaluation of complex interventions. The aims were to establish the extent of use of NSOMExs in acquired disorders, the exercise regimes in use for dysarthria, with which dysarthric populations, and the anticipated clinical outcomes. A further aim was to determine the influencing rationales where NSOMExs were or were not used in dysarthria intervention.
METHODS & PROCEDURES: Speech and language therapists throughout Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, working with adult-acquired dysarthria, were identified by their service heads. They received postal questionnaires comprising 21 closed and two open questions, covering respondent biographics, use of NSOMExs, anticipated clinical outcomes, and practice influencing rationales.
OUTCOME & RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-one (56% response) completed questionnaires were returned. Eighty-one per cent of respondents used NSOMExs in dysarthria. There was no association with years of speech and language therapy experience. Those who used and those who did not use NSOMExs provided similar influencing rationales, including evidence from their own practice, and Higher Education Institute teaching. More experienced speech and language therapists were more likely than those more recently qualified to be guided by results from their own practice. Input from the attended Higher Education Institute was more influential for those less experienced than for those more experienced. Clinical outcome aims were not confined to speech, but also included improvements in movement, sensory awareness, appearance, emotional status, dysphagia and drooling. NSOMExs were used with many neurological disorders, especially stroke, all dysarthria classes, especially flaccid, and all severity levels. Tongue and lip exercises were more frequent than face, jaw and soft palate. The most common regimes were four to six repetitions of each exercise, during three practice periods daily, each of 6–10 min.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: NSOMExs are a frequent component of dysarthria management in the UK-devolved government countries. This confirmation, along with the details of speech and language therapy practice, provides a foundation for clinical research which will compare outcomes for people with dysarthria, whose management includes and does not include NSOMExs. Speech and language therapy practice may be guided by evidence that speech outcome is or is not affected by NSOMExs.
Authors:
Catherine Mackenzie; Margaret Muir; Carolyn Allen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of language & communication disorders / Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1460-6984     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Lang Commun Disord     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-11     Completed Date:  2011-01-24     Revised Date:  2011-09-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9803709     Medline TA:  Int J Lang Commun Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  617-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Educational and Professional Studies, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. c.mackenzie@strath.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Apraxias / rehabilitation,  therapy
Deglutition Disorders / rehabilitation,  therapy
Dysarthria / rehabilitation,  therapy*
Efferent Pathways / physiology
Evidence-Based Medicine
Exercise Therapy / methods*,  utilization*
Great Britain
Health Care Surveys*
Humans
Language Therapy / methods
Mouth / innervation,  physiology
Questionnaires
Speech Therapy / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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