Document Detail

Non-random dispersal in the butterfly Maniola jurtina: implications for metapopulation models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11007325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The dispersal patterns of animals are important in metapopulation ecology because they affect the dynamics and survival of populations. Theoretical models assume random dispersal but little is known in practice about the dispersal behaviour of individual animals or the strategy by which dispersers locate distant habitat patches. In the present study, we released individual meadow brown butterflies (Maniola jurtina) in a non-habitat and investigated their ability to return to a suitable habitat. The results provided three reasons for supposing that meadow brown butterflies do not seek habitat by means of random flight. First, when released within the range of their normal dispersal distances, the butterflies orientated towards suitable habitat at a higher rate than expected at random. Second, when released at larger distances from their habitat, they used a non-random, systematic, search strategy in which they flew in loops around the release point and returned periodically to it. Third, butterflies returned to a familiar habitat patch rather than a non-familiar one when given a choice. If dispersers actively orientate towards or search systematically for distant habitat, this may be problematic for existing metapopulation models, including models of the evolution of dispersal rates in metapopulations.
L Conradt; E J Bodsworth; T J Roper; C D Thomas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  267     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-16     Completed Date:  2001-09-20     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1505-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Biology, University of Leeds, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Appetitive Behavior
Behavior, Animal*
Butterflies / physiology*
Homing Behavior
Models, Biological*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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