Document Detail

Non-pharmacological treatments in the management of rapid cycling bipolar disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16963126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Rapid cycling (RC) bipolar disorder is often treatment-resistant to pharmacotherapy. Non-pharmacological methods, however, are reasonable considerations in treatment refractory cases of bipolar patients. Thus, such methods may be useful in the management of RC, especially when drugs are not shown to be effective. METHOD: This review is based on studies of all major non-pharmacological methods which are used in the management of bipolar disorder, by focusing on data regarding patients with a RC pattern of the illness. RESULTS: Regarding biological treatments, for electroconvulsive therapy and sleep deprivation, there exists some evidence that they might be efficacious in RC patients for acute treatment as well as for prophylaxis from recurrences. Light therapy has not been shown to be efficacious in RC, while no published data exist for transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation. The non-biological treatments include psychotherapeutic and psychosocial interventions; these have not been tried particularly on RC patients, but their use should be expected to contribute to the overall management of the RC pattern as it does to that of mood disorder in general. LIMITATIONS: Many data on which this review is based are drawn from case reports or non-randomised trials. CONCLUSIONS: Non-pharmacological methods, either biological or non-biological (psychotherapies and psychoeducation), may be applied in the management of RC patients. These methods might be used in combination with the administration of drug treatment, based on the clinical experience of the physician and the individual characteristics of the patient.
George N Papadimitriou; Dimitris G Dikeos; Constantin R Soldatos; Joseph R Calabrese
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2006-09-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of affective disorders     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0165-0327     ISO Abbreviation:  J Affect Disord     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-12     Completed Date:  2007-04-03     Revised Date:  2009-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906073     Medline TA:  J Affect Disord     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Eginition Hospital, Vas. Sofias 74, 11528 Athens, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Activity Cycles
Bipolar Disorder / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation,  therapy*
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Patient Education as Topic
Sleep Deprivation
Social Support
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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