Document Detail

Non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2258779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Weight reduction, alcohol restriction, mild salt restriction, eating a vegetarian diet and increasing aerobic exercise will generally lower the blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Eating a diet rich in potassium and reducing caffeine intake may also be helpful in reducing the pressure, but increasing the fiber or calcium intake will generally be ineffective. Reducing fat intake from the usual 40% of total calories to 25-30% may reduce hypertension directly or by weight reduction. Smoking, when combined with excessive caffeine or alcohol intake may have an additive effect on blood pressure. Monotherapy with such behavioral techniques as self-monitoring of blood pressure, biofeedback, meditation, yoga, progressive muscular relaxation or cognitive therapy may reduce the blood pressure to a variable degree, and combinations of these treatments may be even more successful.
D S Silverberg
Related Documents :
24570839 - Aldosterone synthase inhibitors in hypertension: current status and future possibilities.
2709999 - Reversibility of chronic alcohol cardiac depression: 31p magnetic resonance spectroscop...
11332329 - Relationship between alcohol consumption, ambulatory blood pressure recordings and left...
3891769 - The effect of stopping smoking on blood pressure--a controlled trial.
4002109 - Effect of alcohol upon myoelectric activity of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreati...
1810609 - Medical hazards of a four-km fun run.
6307729 - High hydrostatic pressure and the dissection of fertilization responses. i. the relatio...
7463879 - Relationships between hypothalamic catecholamines, blood pressure and body temperature ...
1396999 - Transmural pressure inhibits nitric oxide release from human endothelial cells.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0952-1178     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hypertens Suppl     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-31     Completed Date:  1991-01-31     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501422     Medline TA:  J Hypertens Suppl     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S21-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Public Health Department, Tel-Aviv-Yafo, Israel.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Behavior Therapy / methods
Combined Modality Therapy
Diet, Reducing
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Food Habits
Hypertension / therapy*
Life Style
Smoking / prevention & control
Weight Loss

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Self-measured blood pressures at home and during consulting hours: are there any differences?
Next Document:  Analysis of time trends, individual subject responses and background variation in crossover factoria...