Document Detail


Non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2258779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Weight reduction, alcohol restriction, mild salt restriction, eating a vegetarian diet and increasing aerobic exercise will generally lower the blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Eating a diet rich in potassium and reducing caffeine intake may also be helpful in reducing the pressure, but increasing the fiber or calcium intake will generally be ineffective. Reducing fat intake from the usual 40% of total calories to 25-30% may reduce hypertension directly or by weight reduction. Smoking, when combined with excessive caffeine or alcohol intake may have an additive effect on blood pressure. Monotherapy with such behavioral techniques as self-monitoring of blood pressure, biofeedback, meditation, yoga, progressive muscular relaxation or cognitive therapy may reduce the blood pressure to a variable degree, and combinations of these treatments may be even more successful.
Authors:
D S Silverberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0952-1178     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hypertens Suppl     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-31     Completed Date:  1991-01-31     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501422     Medline TA:  J Hypertens Suppl     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S21-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Public Health Department, Tel-Aviv-Yafo, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Behavior Therapy / methods
Combined Modality Therapy
Diet, Reducing
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Exercise
Food Habits
Humans
Hypertension / therapy*
Life Style
Smoking / prevention & control
Weight Loss

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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