Document Detail


Non-invasive ventilation in COPD patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15173688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The authors briefly review the clinical applications of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mostly focusing on the application of NIV in the intensive care setting. After a short discussion of the main pathophysiologic aspects of NIV administration in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD, the most relevant clinical trials are shortly reviewed, particularly focussing on prospective randomised trials. NIV application is analysed both in its early administration, as a tool to prevent endotracheal intubation and its main complication, and as a technique alternative to endotracheal intubation in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Finally, the main contraindications for NIV are reviewed and discussed.
Authors:
G Conti; R Costa; A Craba; V Festa; S Catarci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Minerva anestesiologica     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0375-9393     ISO Abbreviation:  Minerva Anestesiol     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-02     Completed Date:  2004-08-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375272     Medline TA:  Minerva Anestesiol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy. g.conti@rm.unicatt.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Clinical Trials as Topic
Humans
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / therapy*
Respiration, Artificial* / contraindications
Ventilators, Mechanical

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