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Non-invasive atrial fibrillation organization follow-up under successive attempts of electrical cardioversion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19730915     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The development of non-invasive tools able to provide valuable information about the effectiveness of a shock in external electrical cardioversion (ECV) is clinically relevant to enhance these protocols in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The present contribution analyzes the ability of a non-linear regularity index, such as sample entropy (SampEn), to follow-up non-invasively AF organization under successive attempts of ECV and to predict the effectiveness of every single shock. To this respect, the atrial activity (AA) preceding each delivered shock was extracted by using a QRST cancellation method. Next, the main atrial wave (MAW), which can be considered as the fundamental waveform associated to the AA, was obtained by applying a selective filtering centered on the dominant atrial frequency (DAF). Finally, the MAW organization was estimated with SampEn and two thresholds (Th1 = 0.1223 and Th2 = 0.0832) were established to predict the ECV outcome. Results indicated that, prior to the first attempt, all the patients who needed only one shock to restore NSR were below Th1. In addition, most of them were above Th2 in case of AF relapsing during the first month. Regarding several shocks, all the patients who maintained NSR more than one month were below Th2 after the first shock. Moreover, all the patients who relapsed to AF during the first month were between Th1 and Th2 and, finally, all the patients with ineffective ECV were above Th1. After each unsuccessful shock, a SampEn relative decrease was observed for the patients who finally reverted to NSR, but the largest variation took place after the first attempt, thus indicating that this shock plays the most important role in the procedure. Indeed, by considering jointly the patients who needed only one shock and the patients who needed several shocks, 91.67% (22 out of 24) of ECVs resulting in NSR, 93.55% (29 out of 31) of ECVs relapsing to AF during the first month and 100% (10 out of 10) of ECVs in which NSR was not restored were correctly classified. As conclusion, the MAW organization analysis via SampEn can provide useful information that could improve the effectiveness of conventional external ECV protocols used in AF treatment.
Authors:
Raúl Alcaraz; José Joaquín Rieta; Fernando Hornero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical & biological engineering & computing     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1741-0444     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Biol Eng Comput     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704869     Medline TA:  Med Biol Eng Comput     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1247-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain. raul.alcaraz@uclm.es
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