Document Detail

Non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine tumours of the pancreas: MR imaging appearance and correlation with their biological behaviour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23793519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To describe MR imaging features of non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine pancreatic tumours by comparing them to histopathology and to determine the accuracy of MR imaging in predicting biological behaviour.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed 45 patients with pathologically proven NF-NET of the pancreas and ≥1 preoperative MR/MRCP examinations. Of the NF-NETS, 29/45 (64.4 %) were G1 and 16/45 (35.5 %) were G2. Image analysis included the lesion maximum diameter, vascular encasement, extrapancreatic spread, signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted, contrast enhancement features, and presence of metastases. Tumour vessel density was calculated on the histological specimen using a grid.
RESULTS: The median maximum diameter of NF-NETs was 20 mm (range 5-200 mm). Eighty per cent of the NF-NETs were hypointense on T1-weighted images, 82.2 % were hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and 75.6 % were hypervascular. Overall MRI accuracy showed a mean AUC of 0.86 compared to pathology. Lesions with a maximum diameter of 30 mm irregular margins, absence of a cleavage plane with the main pancreatic duct, vascular encasement, extrapancreatic spread and abdominal metastases were significantly associated with malignant NF-NETs. No correlation was found between the tumour vessel density and contrast-enhanced MR imaging pattern.
CONCLUSIONS: Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and iso-/hypervascularity occurred in 27/45 (60.0 %) of NF-NETs. MRI identifies malignant NF-NETs with a sensitivity of 93.3 % and a specificity of 76.9 % (AUC = 0.85).
KEY POINTS: • Non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine pancreatic tumours (NF-NET) pose a difficult diagnostic challenge. • On T2-weighted MRI, 82.2 % of neuroendocrine tumours appeared hyperintense. • MR imaging showed 0.94 sensitivity and 0.77 specificity in predicting biological behaviour. • The hyper-/isointensity during dynamic MRI did not correlate with vessel density at pathology.
Riccardo Manfredi; Matteo Bonatti; William Mantovani; Rossella Graziani; Diego Segala; Paola Capelli; Giovanni Butturini; Roberto Pozzi Mucelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1084     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Radiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114774     Medline TA:  Eur Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiology, University of Verona, 11 P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134, Verona, Italy,
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