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Non-compliance to the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis procedure increases the risk of peritonitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22102137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is the leading cause of technique failure. Information on the impact of non-compliance in performing CAPD exchange on peritonitis is limited. We aimed to find the prevalence of non-compliance to the CAPD procedure and its influence on the incidence of peritonitis. METHODS: This observational study included 30 adult patients undergoing CAPD. The CAPD exchange procedure was observed at home and assessed as per the structured checklist and categorized into poor, average and good compliance. The compliance was correlated with the episodes of peritonitis in previous 1 year. RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 52 ± 13 years and the mean duration of CAPD was 2.1 ± 0.9 years. Only 16.5% of patients were good performers, while 67% were average performers, and 16.5% were poor performers. The technique skill was similar across all the steps of the procedure. The most common improperly performed steps were: not putting on a face mask in 68%, not flushing the tubing system in 60%, and not washing hands in 24%. Poor adherence to procedure was independent of age, gender, education and duration of dialysis. Ten episodes of peritonitis occurred in 5 patients over 1-year period. Peritonitis occurred in 60% of poor performers, whereas fully compliant patients had no peritonitis. Also 40% of the poorly compliant patients had multiple episodes of peritonitis. CONCLUSIONS: Poor compliance in performing the CAPD procedure is a modifiable risk factor for peritonitis. Adherence to recommended aseptic technique is the cornerstone of peritonitis prevention.
Authors:
Shashi Mawar; Sanjay Gupta; Sandeep Mahajan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International urology and nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2584     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0262521     Medline TA:  Int Urol Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
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